The sign of the unicorn. A fabric shop for 18th century reenactors and historians.

18th and Early 19th Century Ready Made Items

Stockings | Neckwear | Household | Hand Knit Caps

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Stockings

White wool stockings.

Natural White Wool Stockings

These smooth machine knit creamy white wool stockings will keep your feet warm and comfortable. The book Cloth and Costume determined that white was likely the most common color of stocking. Cited in Wenches, Wives and Servant Girls The Pennsylvania Gazette of 1775 "Run away . . .  three Dutch servants; two . . .  man and wife . . .  the first . . .  had on . . .  white yarn stockings . . .  his wife . . .  had on . . .  white yarn stockings . . .  The other . . .  is a Butcher by trade . . .  had on, and took with him . . .  one pair of white yarn stockings".

$34.00

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Dark Grey Wool Stockings

These smooth machine knit gray wool stockings will keep your feet warm and comfortable. A study of runaways advertised in Rhode Island Newspapers found gray to be the second most common color of stocking from 1760 to 1783 (Stockings of Runaways Advertised in Rhode Island by Paul Dickfoss The Brigade Dispatch, Vol. XXXI No. 3, Autumn 2001). Cited in Wenches, Wives and Servant Girls, The Connecticut Courant of 1777 included "Deserted from Capt. Beardslee’s company in Col. Swift’s regiment, on Wm. Bostwick, an Englishman . . .  had on . . .  gray stockings".

$34.00

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Dark gray machine knit stockings.
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Grey Wool Stockings

These smooth machine knit light grey wool stockings will keep your feet warm and comfortable. A study on runaways found that grey was the second most common color of stockings from 1760 to 1783 (Stockings of Runaways Advertised in Rhode Island by Paul Dickfoss The Brigade Dispatch, Vol. XXXI No. 3, Autumn 2001). From personal communication with Mike Barbieri The Boston Gazette of 1764 included "Ran-away . . .  in the Province of New Hampshire . . .  a Servant Lad . . .  Had on . . .  grey Stockings."

$34.00

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Gray machine knit stockings.
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Black Wool Stockings

These smooth machine knit black wool stockings will keep your feet warm and comfortable and will be easy to keep clean after a weekend in the mud. A study of runaways advertised in Rhode Island Newspapers found black made up 10% of stockings from 1760 to 1783 (Stockings of Runaways Advertised in Rhode Island by Paul Dickfoss The Brigade Dispatch, Vol. XXXI No. 3, Autumn 2001). Cited in Wenches, Wives and Servant Girls, The Connecticut Courant of 1777 included "Run away . . .  a servant girl . . .  had on, and took with her . . .  black yarn stockings".

$34.00

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Black machine knit stockings.
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Dark Indigo Blue Wool Stockings

These smooth machine knit dark indigo blue wool stockings will keep your feet warm and comfortable. The book Cloth and Costume determined blue was a close second for the most common color of stocking among Pennsylvanians from 1750 to 1800. A study on runaways found that blue was the third most common color of stockings from 1760 to 1783 (Stockings of Runaways Advertised in Rhode Island by Paul Dickfoss The Brigade Dispatch, Vol. XXXI No. 3, Autumn 2001). Cited in Wenches, Wives and Servant Girls in The New Jersey Gazette of 1778 "Ran away . . .  a Scotch servant girl . . .  Had on . . .  blue yarn stockings".

$34.00

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Dark indigo blue machine knit stockings.
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White silk stockings.

White Silk Stockings

These smooth machine knit creamy white wool stockings will keep your feet warm and comfortable. The book Cloth and Costume determined that white was likely the most common color of stocking. Cited in Wenches, Wives and Servant Girls The Pennsylvania Gazette of 1775 "Run away . . .  three Dutch servants; two . . .  man and wife . . .  the first . . .  had on . . .  white yarn stockings . . .  his wife . . .  had on . . .  white yarn stockings . . .  The other . . .  is a Butcher by trade . . .  had on, and took with him . . .  one pair of white yarn stockings".

$16.00

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White Silk Clocked Stockings

These smooth machine knit creamy white silk stockings have a subtle clock at the ankle and feel ever so soft next to your skin and are just right for a hot weekend. Cited in The Proceedings of the Old Bailey of 1752 "I lost seven pair of white silk stockings, out of my shop". There was a plain white pair of clocked "Silk Stockings taken from the Prize Ship 'Hannah" in 1781. This ship was headed to America with among other things personal luxury items for British officers stationed in New York.

$24.00

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White clocked silk machine knit stockings.
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Stockings | Neckwear | Household | Hand Knit Caps

Neckwear

White wool stockings.

White Linen Neck Stocks

White linen stocks were most often worn by civilian gentlemen along with a white linen shirt that has bosom ruffles. Military officers sometimes wore white stocks but more commonly wore black stocks with a white ruffled shirt. Our stocks are made of 2.8 oz. cambric linen with sturdier linen tabs. Cited from personal communication with Mike Barbieri in The Connecticut Gazette of 1777 is "Ran away . . .  a negro man . . .  carried off with him a white holland shirt, and stock mark’d E B". Note our stocks are not marked.

$35.00

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100% Silk, 28 1/2" (72.4 cm) square
Black Silk Handkerchief
$10

Black silk handkerchiefs were some of the most common handkerchiefs worn about the neck of both men and women throughout the 18th century. Black silk was especially worn by sailors but black silk handkerchiefs were often worn along with black silk bonnets and hats by women. Starting about 1800 these began to be called "neckerchief" although the term "handkerchief" persisted to the end of the 19th century. In the 18th century, when called "kerchief" it was preceded by the separate word "hand" making it "hand kerchief". These silk handkerchiefs have a rolled hem all the way around. In one corner is a "Made in India" label that can easily be cut out. From personal communication with Mike Barbieri in the 1775 Connecticut Journal, an ad included "Runaway . . .  two indented Servant Men, one . . .  a weaver by trade . . .  had on a . . .  black silk handkerchief".

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100% Silk, 35" (89 cm) square
White Silk Handkerchief
$15

White silk handkerchiefs were some of the most common handkerchiefs worn around the neck of both men and women throughout the 18th century. These are prepared to be dyed if you would like although there is no need to dye them. These silk handkerchiefs have a hand sewn rolled hem all the way around. In one corner is a "Made in India" label that can easily be cut out. Cited in the book Wives, Slaves, and Servant Girls in the 1775 Pennsylvania Ledger, an ad included "Run away . . .  a Dutch Servant Woman . . .  Had on and took with her . . .  a white silk handkerchief".

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Stockings | Neckwear | Household | Hand Knit Caps

Household

Bee's wax candles.

Candles, Bee's Wax

Bee's wax candles are clean, natural, dripless and slow burning. Pure bee's wax candles are very slow burning so you can expect an hour of beautiful soft yellow light per inch. These candles are 6 inches long so expect each to burn (when properly trimmed and erect) for 6 hours.

Bee's wax was used to wax and smooth the outside of linen thread so the thread does not fray as it is pulled through the fabric. A candle may be used for this purpose just as a cake is. Just hold the thread against the candle with your finger and pull the thread. Coat both sides and sew. Wax may also be used to initially hold thread on thread winders and to keep tops on containers.

$2.99/each
$29.99/dozen

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Individual and paper packs of one dozen sulfur matches.

Sulfur Matches, One Dozen

Sometimes found under the name of spunks these matches began to appear at the end of the 17th century. They were handy in that a spark caught in char cloth will easily and quickly ignite the sulfur on the match igniting the wood. These matches are covered in sulfur at both ends so that two ignitions can be gotten from each match. In The Proceedings of the Old Bailey, London of 1715, in a theft trial a witness stated that when the prisoner was searched "a Tobacco-Box, with Tinder and Matches in it, were found in his Pocket."

$5.00/dozen

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Large Sewing Box

As the American colonies withdrew from their king a need for nationalism arose. Along with this nationalism, symbols were used mostly in money and flags but also found their way into other items. This sewing box (could also be used as a shoe box) is 11 by 7 1/2 inches by 4 1/2 inches deep with hand painted emblem for the 1775 Continental $1/6 paper bill along with a paper copy documenting the symbol.

FUGIO ("Time flies") MIND YOUR BUSINESS appeared on the front side of the 1/6th Continental dollar bill. This shows a sundial and beaming sun. The design is believed to have come from Benjamin Franklin. This bill has two symbols; one on each face. It appears it was originally intended to mint the same design onto a silver dollar coin; however only a few pewter pieces were struck.

AMERICAN CONGRESS - WE ARE ONE appeared on the reverse side of the 1/6th Continental dollar bill. This shows a circle of 13 linked rings gearing the names of each rebelling colony surrounding a sun and sunbeams with the motto within. This symbol was also painted onto a buff silk regimental color between February and late summer of 1776. The color was presumably issued to an unknown New England Continental Army regiment shortly afterwards, for it was captured (still furled) with American army baggage during the retreat from Fort Ticonderoga in July 1777. A second occurrence of this symbol outside its money came when a German artist depicted a rebel soldier in white fringed hunting shirt with a brimless black leather cap with a similar device painted on the cap's front piece.

$40.00

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Hand painted sewing box with symbol of early American nationalism.Hand painted sewing box with symbol of early American nationalism symbol on side.Hand painted sewing box with symbol of early American nationalism symbol on side.
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Hat Box

As the American colonies withdrew from their king a need for nationalism arose. Along with this nationalism, symbols were used mostly in money and flags but also found their way into other items. Hat box 10 3/4 inches round by 8 inches deep with hand painted emblem for the 1775 Continental $8.00 paper bill along with a paper copy documenting the symbol. This box will work for a dragoon helmet or a woman's bonnet. Please measure your hat.

MAJORA MINORIBUS CONSONANT ("The Larger Are in Harmony With the Smaller") was the symbol and motto on the front of the $8.00 Continental paper bill authorized on 10 May 1775, and it was periodically re-issued throughout the Revolutionary War. The design itself came from a 1702 German book by Dr. Joachim Camerarius, from the private book collection of Benjamin Franklin. The symbol was also painted onto a red silk regimental color some time before the summer of 1778, and stored in a military depot in Phildelphia. The color was presumably issued to an unknown Continental Army regiment, along with two smaller divisional colors, one blue and one yellow, at some time afterwards. Although the harp was a well-known symbol of Ireland it is not believed to have had particular Irish significance in this symbolic art.

$58.00

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Hand painted hat box with symbol of early American nationalism.Hand painted hat box with symbol of early American nationalism symbol opened.
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Hat Box

As the American colonies withdrew from their king a need for nationalism arose. Along with this nationalism, symbols were used mostly in money and flags but also found their way into other items. Hat box 11 3/4 inches round by 6 inches deep with hand painted emblem for the 1775 Continental $30.00 paper bill along with a paper copy documenting the symbol. This box will work for a dragoon helmet or a woman's bonnet. Please measure your hat.

SI RECTE FACIES ("If YouAct Righteously") was the symbol and motto on the front of the $30.00 Continental paper bill authorized on 10 May 1775, and it was periodically re-issued throughout the Revolutionary War. The design itself came from a 1702 German book by Dr. Joachim Camerarius, from the private book collection of Benjamin Franklin. The symbol of a civic wreath upon a memorial altar was also painted onto a blue silk regimental color some time before the summer of 1778, and stored in a military depot in Philadelphia. The color was presumably issued to an unkown continental Army regiment some time afterwards, along with two smaller divisional colors; one red and one yellow.

$58.00

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Hand painted hat box with symbol of early American nationalism.Hand painted hat box with symbol of early American nationalism symbol opened.
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Stockings | Neckwear | Household | Hand Knit Caps

Hand Knit Caps

Hand knit completely US made English stripe cap.

Striped English Outdoor Cap

These caps are one of a kind, hand knit in the Illinois Territory and fulled of 100% American raised wool into dense, warm, water resistant caps. These caps have been documented from the 1740s to the 1790s and were worn by English landsman. After knitting the caps have been fulled at which point head size is measured. There is stretch still in the caps so hat size is fairly loose. The pattern is developed by Colleen Humphreys. For a period example (thanks to the citations provided by Mike Barbieri) advertised in The Boston News-Letter of 1764 "Ran-away from his Master . . .  a Negro Man . . .  He had on . . .  a striped worsted Cap".

$55.00/each

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Stockings | Neckwear | Household | Hand Knit Caps

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