The sign of the unicorn. A fabric shop for 18th century reenactors and historians.

Worsted Wool Fabric

In the 18th century there were many types of worsted wool fabric mostly produced in Norwich, England and because of this they were often refered to as Norwich goods or Norwich stuff. Stuff is a generic term for many types of worsted wools. Worsted wools are a good wool summer cloth. One Norwich good called duory was specifically made for men's clothing and sometimes used for summer suits. Being lightweight worsteds are made of long opposed to short staple fibers, are strong wearing, but poor insulators. Much of the information on these pages is gathered from Swatches: A Guide to Choosing 21st Century Fabrics for 18th Century Clothing which has swatches you can feel and for a wider view of fabrics imported to the Americas try Textiles in America 1650-1870.

Broadcloth | Worsted Fabric | Flannel | Bay | Jean Cloth/Virginia Cloth | Specialty Weaves

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Dark Olive Green Worsted, 100% Wool, 61" Wide, $25/yd.
WWV 602

new Don't like to iron? Try worsted!

This is a fine light weight plain weave wool that is a durable summer wool. A very good weight for women's gowns, jackets, and petticoats, and men's jackets, waistcoats, coats and breeches. In The Pennsylvania Gazette of 1776, "Run away . . .  an Irish servant girl . . .  had on when she went away, a long old green worsted gown". As cited in Wives, Slaves, and Servant Girls. Green 80/3 linen thread is a shade lighter or you could use black 35/2 linen thread for hand sewing. The black silk quilters thread and buttonhole twist is the closest match.

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Worsted wool and silk fabric swatch for 15th century, 16th century, 17th century, 18th century, and 19th century re-enactors, military historians, and museum interpreters.
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Light Green Stuff, 100% Wool, 60" Wide, $21/yd.
WWN 180

This plain weave Norwich good is very fine, soft and strong. It has a heathery look with tones of earthy gray mixed in with the light olive green. A very good weight for women's gowns, and petticoats, either men's or women's jackets, and men's waistcoats, coats and breeches. In New York's The Royal Gazette of 1780, "Run away . . .  a Negro Wench . . .  had on when she went away a green stuff petticoat". As cited in Wives, Slaves, and Servant Girls. Since none of our green threads really match, either gray 80/3 linen thread or unbleached 60/2 linen thread for hand sewing will blend well.

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Worsted wool and silk fabric swatch for 15th century, 16th century, 17th century, 18th century, and 19th century re-enactors, military historians, and museum interpreters.
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Black Stuff, 100% Wool, 65" Wide, $25/yd.
WWV 620

new Common for petticoats!

This plain weave Norwich good is very fine, soft and strong. It is made of earthy gray mixed in with black. A very good weight for women's gowns, and petticoats, either men's or women's jackets, and men's waistcoats, coats and breeches. In New York's The Virginia Gazette of 1774, "Run away . . .  a Negro Wench . . .  two convict servant women . . .  [one of them] had on, and took with her, a black stuff gown". As cited in Wives, Slaves, and Servant Girls. Black 80/3 linen thread matches this fabric.

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Worsted wool and silk fabric swatch for 15th century, 16th century, 17th century, 18th century, and 19th century re-enactors, military historians, and museum interpreters.
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Gown weight wool for 17th century to the present reenactors.

Dark Worsted Stuff, 100% Wool, 62" wide, $25/yd.
WWV 601

new Stand out with this stunning color!

This plain weave Norwich good is very fine and strong. This would likely be the best option for a Jesuit priest's habit if black flannel is too hot for you and this wont fade like linen. A very good weight for women's gowns, and petticoats, either men's or women's jackets, and men's waistcoats, coats and breeches. In New York's The Virginia Gazette of 1774, "Run away . . .  a Negro Wench . . .  two convict servant women . . .  [one of them] had on, and took with her, a black stuff gown". As cited in Wives, Slaves, and Servant Girls. Both black 80/3 linen thread and black silk quilters thread and buttonhole twist will match this fabric for hand sewing.

Add Dark Green Worsted Stuff WWV 601 to Cart

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Gown weight wool for 17th century to the present reenactors.

Brown Cross Barred Stuff, 100% Wool, 61" wide, $25/yd.
WWV 562

Remnant only!

This worsted has a brown ground with indigo blue cross bars. In the 18th century this would have been a product of Norwich and was most often used for women's gowns but may be used for petticoats and jackets as well. For example in The Boston Evening-Post an ad in 1771 advertised "Ran away . . .  a Dutch servant girl . . .  Had, and took with her, two short gowns, one callico, the other striped, a cross-barred" cited in Wives, Slaves, and Servant Girls. Unbleached 60/2 linen thread would work well for hand sewing this fabric.

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Light Brown Cross-Barr'd Stuff, 100% Wool, 61" Wide, $25/yd.
WWV 575

This worsted has a beautiful golden brown ground with very narrow natural white and black cross bars. In the 18th century this would have been a product of Norwich and was most often used for women's gowns but may be used for petticoats and jackets as well. For example in The South Carolina Gazette an ad in 1778 advertised "Run away . . .  a negro wench . . .  had on when she went away a cross-bar check [petti]coat" cited in Wives, Slaves, and Servant Girls. Light brown 60/2 linen thread would work well for hand sewing this fabric.

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Worsted wool and silk fabric swatch for 15th century, 16th century, 17th century, 18th century, and 19th century re-enactors, military historians, and museum interpreters.
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Gown weight wool for 17th century to the present reenactors.

Grey Cross Barred Stuff, 100% Wool, 62" wide, $20/yd.
WWV 573

This light even grey has narrow lines of black, yellow and light grey intersecting to make the cross bars. This worsted is one of the lightest weight worsteds we stock having an airy hand. In the 18th century this would have been a product of Norwich and was most often used for women's gowns but may be used for petticoats and jackets as well. For example in The Boston Evening-Post an ad in 1771 advertised "Ran away . . .  a Dutch servant girl . . .  Had, and took with her, two short gowns, one callico, the other striped, a cross-barred" cited in Wives, Slaves, and Servant Girls. Grey 35/2 linen thread matches well for hand sewing this fabric.

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Light Brown Mixed Stuff, 100% Wool, 61" Wide, $25/yd.
WWV 619

new Back in stock!

This twill weave Norwich good has a hard tight finish rarely found in modern worsteds but characteristic of most 18th century worsteds. This will work well for women's riding habits, gowns, and petticoats, either men's or women's jackets, and men's waistcoats, coats and breeches. For example advertised in The Boston Gazette of 1783, "Ran away . . .  a Negro Boy . . .  Had on when he went off, a brown mix’d Homemade Cloth Jacket and Trowsers of the same." This is cited from personal communication with Mike Barbieri. Off white 35/2 linen thread will work well for hand sewing.

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Worsted wool and silk fabric swatch for 15th century, 16th century, 17th century, 18th century, and 19th century re-enactors, military historians, and museum interpreters.
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Gown weight wool for 17th century to the present reenactors.

Brown Worsted, 100% Wool, 62" wide, $25/yd.
WWV 577

This twill weave Norwich good has a hard tight finish rarely found in modern worsteds but characteristic of most 18th century worsteds. A very good weight for women's gowns, and petticoats, either men's or women's jackets, and men's waistcoats, coats and breeches. For example advertised in The Pennsylvania Gazette of 1776, "Run away . . .  June, 1776, an Irish servant woman . . .  had on, when she went away, a dark brown worsted petticoat" as cited in Wives, Slaves, and Servant Girls. Brown 35/2 linen thread for hand sewing is just a shade lighter. For hand sewing buttonholes dark brown silk button hole twist or quilter's thread is a good match.

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Light Brown Worsted, 100% Wool, 61" Wide, $20.99/yd.
WWN 190

Worsted that is durable, fine and soft makes a wonderful summer gown with a splendid wrinkle free drape. A very good weight for women's gowns, jackets, and petticoats, and men's jackets, waistcoats, coats and breeches. In the early 19th century this worsted could be used for a gowns, spencers and pelisse. In The Pennsylvania Packet of 1773, "Ran away . . .  a mulatto wench . . .  had on and took with her, and India callico gown, and one ditto of brown worsted". As cited in Wives, Slaves, and Servant Girls. Light brown 35/2 linen thread is a pretty good match as is cinnamon brown silk buttonhole twist.

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Worsted wool fabric swatch for 15th century, 16th century, 17th century, 18th century, and 19th century re-enactors, military historians, and museum interpreters.
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Pure silk taffeta for 17th century to the present reenactors, nautical historians and museum interpreters.

Indigo Blue Worsted, 100% Wool, 61" wide, $25/yd.
WWV 541

This twill weave Norwich good has a hard tight finish rarely found in modern worsteds but characteristic of most 18th century worsteds. This will work well for women's riding habits, gowns, and petticoats, either men's or women's jackets, and men's waistcoats, coats and breeches. For example advertised in The New York Journal of 1774, "absented from her master, a Scotch indented servant girl . . .  had on . . .  two red petticoats, one of which is fine serge" as cited in Wives, Slaves, and Servant Girls. Navy blue 60/2 linen thread will work well for hand sewing.

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Pure silk taffeta for 17th century to the present reenactors, nautical historians and museum interpreters.

Blue Worsted, 100% Wool, 61" wide, $25/yd.
WWV 626

new A pretty, interesting blue!

This plain weave Norwich good is light and airy for summer wear so will need some interfacing for body if making a jacket, waistcoat or riding habit. It also has a black thread in the warp giving it a subtle mixed effect. It is good weight for gowns, and petticoats, either men's or women's jackets, and men's waistcoats, coats and breeches. For example advertised in The Virginia Gazette of 1752, "RAN away . . .  a Convict Servant . . .  had been in the Army for several Years, with the Camp in Flanders, and at the Battle of Culloden, where she lost her Husband; she had on when she went away . . .  an old dirty blue Stuff Gown, with check Linen Cuffs". Navy blue linen thread for hand sewing. For button holes navy blue silk button hole twist or quilter's thread should work well.

Add Blue Worsted WWV 626 to Cart

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Mazarine, 100% Wool, 60" Wide, $25/yd.
WWV 576

This twill weave Norwich good has a hard tight finish rarely found in modern worsteds but characteristic of most 18th century worsteds. A very good weight for women's gowns, and petticoats, either men's or women's jackets, and men's waistcoats, coats and breeches. For example advertised in The Virginia Gazette of 1752, "RAN away . . .  a Convict Servant . . .  had been in the Army for several Years, with the Camp in Flanders, and at the Battle of Culloden, where she lost her Husband; she had on when she went away . . .  an old dirty blue Stuff Gown, with check Linen Cuffs". Try royal blue 50/3 linen thread for hand sewing. For hand sewing buttonholes navy blue silk button hole twist or quilter's thread is a bit darker.

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Worsted wool fabric swatch for 15th century, 16th century, 17th century, 18th century, and 19th century re-enactors, military historians, and museum interpreters.
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Pure silk taffeta for 17th century to the present reenactors, nautical historians and museum interpreters.

Greyish Blue Worsted, 100% Wool, 60" wide, $25/yd.
WWV 599

new A fun shade of blue!

This plain weave Norwich good is fine and strong of a lovely greyish blue. A very good weight for women's gowns, and petticoats, either men's or women's jackets, and men's waistcoats, coats and breeches. For example advertised in The Virginia Gazette of 1752, "RAN away . . . a Convict Servant . . . had been in the Army for several Years, with the Camp in Flanders, and at the Battle of Culloden, where she lost her Husband; she had on when she went away . . . an old dirty blue Stuff Gown, with check Linen Cuffs". Try grey 35/2 linen thread for hand sewing.

Add Greyish Blue Worsted WWV 599 to Cart

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Green, Brown and Blue Tartan, 100% Wool, 60" Wide, $25.00/yd.
WWV 625

new Tartan!

Clan tartans did not come of age until the 19th century. This tartan is not a clan tartan but resembles the great abundance of tartans available before stabilizing within fixed clans. Tartans were not very common in the 18th century but occasionally do appear as men's trews in artwork and men's waistcoats, breeches and jackets and women's petticoats. Tartan was also used for women's gowns and jackets. In the 1781 Pennsylvania Gazette, "Ran Away . . .  a Negroe Woman . . .  She had a variety of clothes, among which are, a tartan" as cited in Wives, Slaves, and Servant Girls. Black or medium green 80/3 linen thread will work well for hand sewing this fabric. For hand sewing buttonholes try black or green silk button hole twist or quilter's thread.

Add Green, Brown and Blue Tartan WWV 625 to Cart

Wool tartan fabric.
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Pure silk taffeta for 17th century to the present reenactors, nautical historians and museum interpreters.

Red Worsted, 100% Wool, 62" wide, $25/yd.
WWV 259

This twill weave Norwich good has a hard tight finish rarely found in modern worsteds but characteristic of most 18th century worsteds. This will work well for women's riding habits, gowns, and petticoats, either men's or women's jackets, and men's waistcoats, coats and breeches. For example advertised in The New York Journal of 1774, "absented from her master, a Scotch indented servant girl . . .  had on . . .  two red petticoats, one of which is fine serge" as cited in Wives, Slaves, and Servant Girls. Scarlet 35/2 linen thread will work well for hand sewing.

Add Red Worsted WWV 259 to Cart

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Pink Stuff, 100% Wool, 61" Wide, $25/yd.
WWV 561

This is a fine light weight twill that is very durable. Stuff is a very summer weight wool good for women's gowns, jackets, and petticoats, and men's jackets, waistcoats, coats and breeches. In The Pennsylvania Gazette of 1775, "Run away . . .  an Irish servant girl . . .  had on, when she went off, a light blue stuff gown." As cited in Wives, Slaves, and Servant Girls. Light blue linen thread is a close match to this fabric for hand sewing.

Add Pink Stuff WWV 561 to Cart

Worsted wool fabric swatch for 15th century, 16th century, 17th century, 18th century, and 19th century re-enactors, military historians, and museum interpreters.
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Pompadour Stuff, Wool Blend, 61" Wide, $25/yd.
WWV 571

This plain weave Norwich good is a shade of red often referred to as pompadour in the 18th century. This will work well for women's riding habits, gowns, and petticoats, either men's or women's jackets, and men's waistcoats, coats and breeches. For example advertised in The Newport Mercury of 1772, "Ran away . . .  an Irish indented maid servant . . .  had on a red pompadore gown" as cited in Wives, Slaves, and Servant Girls. Claret 35/2 linen thread is a bit lighter but the same shade of pompadour.

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Worsted wool fabric swatch for 15th century, 16th century, 17th century, 18th century, and 19th century re-enactors, military historians, and museum interpreters.
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Wool Flannel

Flannel was in common use by the second half of the 17th century and was made of a plain or (arguably) twill weave wool. Flannel continued to be made purely of wool into the 19th century when, like so many other fabrics, cotton flannel began to replace it. Wool flannel was used as an insulating layer usually worn close to the skin for garments like women's shifts (probably of white flannel), gowns and under petticoats and for men's shirts, drawers, under jackets, and waistcoats and for lining outer garments. Sometimes flannels were used to make outer garments like gowns and breeches. In London in 1761, Richard Rolt, published his book A New Dictionary of Trade and Commerce. In this book Rolt stated "some use it [wool flannel] for waistcoats, drawers, shirts, and shifts, and women most commonly for under petticoats."

Flannel is related to baize and plains. Baize and plains are cheaper than flannel and usually not as soft. These flannels may therefore be used in place of baize or plains. Much of the information on these pages is gathered from Swatches: A Guide to Choosing 21st Century Fabrics for 18th Century Clothing which has swatches you can feel and for a wider view of fabrics imported to the Americas try Textiles in America 1650-1870.

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Grey and Black Check Flannel, 90% Wool, 5% Cashmere, 5% Nylon, 56" Wide, $25.00/yd.
WWV 607

new Limited quantity!

This plain weave grey wool has an alternating black and light grey stripe in both weft and warp. Check flannels were used for men's shirts and as a lining material throughout the 18th century but is very difficult to find today. In the 1773 Providene Gazette, "RUN away . . .  an Apprentice Boy . . .  had on . . .  a check Flannel Shirt" cited in Taylor and Sweet, Runaways, Deserters, and Notorious Villains From Rhode Island Newspapers Volume 2, 2001. Grey 35/2 linen thread will work well for hand sewing this fabric. For hand sewing buttonholes try either black or grey silk button hole twist or quilter's thread.

Add Grey, Black and White Check Flannel WWV 607 to Cart

Wool check flannel fabric swatch for 14th century, 15th century, 16th century, 17th century, 18th century, and 19th century re-enactors, military historians, and museum interpreters.
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Grey and Black Check Flannel, 100% Wool, 58" Wide, $25.00/yd.
WWV 624

new Limited quantity!

This plain weave grey wool has an alternating black and light grey stripe in both weft and warp. Check flannels were used for men's shirts and as a lining material throughout the 18th century but is very difficult to find today. In the 1773 Providene Gazette, "RUN away . . .  an Apprentice Boy . . .  had on . . .  a check Flannel Shirt" cited in Taylor and Sweet, Runaways, Deserters, and Notorious Villains From Rhode Island Newspapers Volume 2, 2001. Grey 35/2 linen thread will work well for hand sewing this fabric. For hand sewing buttonholes try either black or grey silk button hole twist or quilter's thread.

Add Grey, Black and White Check Flannel WWV 624 to Cart

Wool check flannel fabric swatch for 14th century, 15th century, 16th century, 17th century, 18th century, and 19th century re-enactors, military historians, and museum interpreters.
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Grey Flannel, 100% Wool, 57" Wide, $23.99/yd.
WWV 566

This flannel is a wonderful mixed grey plain weave wool flannel and may be used as a lining and for women's gowns, jackets and petticoats and men's jackets during the 17th and 18th centuries. For example in The Pennsylvania Evening Post of 1777, "Was stolen . . .  an apprentice girl . . .  She had on, when she was taken . . .  an old flannel petticoat very much worn" as cited in Wives, Slaves, and Servant Girls. Gray linen thread will work well for hand sewing this wool. For sewing button holes try gray silk button hole twist or quilter's thread.

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Wool flannel fabric swatch for 14th century, 15th century, 16th century, 17th century, 18th century, and 19th century re-enactors, military historians, and museum interpreters.
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Dark Grey Flannel, 100% Wool, 57" Wide, $23.99/yd.
WWV 567

This flannel is what modern people would call charcoal grey. It's a wonderful dark mixed grey wool flannel and may be used as a lining and for women's gowns, jackets and petticoats and men's jackets during the 17th and 18th centuries. For example in The Boston Gazette of 1764, "Run-away from the Brig Freemason . . .  a Sailor: Had on . . .  a blue Jacket lin’d with white Flannel, a coarse Flannel Under Jacket ty’d before" as cited in personal communication with Mike Barbieri. Black linen thread will work well for hand sewing this wool. For sewing button holes try gray silk button hole twist or quilter's thread.

Add Dark Grey Flannel WWV 567 to Cart

Wool flannel fabric swatch for 14th century, 15th century, 16th century, 17th century, 18th century, and 19th century re-enactors, military historians, and museum interpreters.
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Brown Flannel, 90% Wool, 5% Cashmere, 5% Nylon ~11.5 oz., 60" Wide, $25.00/yd.
WWV 603

new Warm for the winter!

Brown wool flannel was commonly used as a lining. Specifically in men's clothing brown flannel was used to make waistcoats and jackets. A brown wool flannel shirt was recovered from a bog in Scotland dated to the very early 18th century. Women's gowns, jackets and petticoats during the 17th and 18th centuries were also made of wool flannel. For example in The Pennsylvania Gazette of 1776, "Run away . . .  an indented servant girl . . .  a Scotch woman . . .  had on, and took with her, a short jacket and petticoat, of brown flannel" as cited in Wives, Slaves, and Servant Girls. Cinnamon brown linen thread will work well for hand sewing this wool. For sewing button holes try drab silk quilter's thread which is a shade lighter or brown silk buttonhole twist.

Add Brown Flannel WWV 603 to Cart

Wool flannel fabric swatch for 14th century, 15th century, 16th century, 17th century, 18th century, and 19th century re-enactors, military historians, and museum interpreters.
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Light Brown Flannel, 90% Wool, 5% Cashmere, 5% Nylon ~11.5 oz., 60" Wide, $25.00/yd.
WWV 604

new Soft and warm!

Brown wool flannel was used as a lining and for men's jackets men's waistcoats. There is an extant Scottish shirt from the first decade of the 18th century made of brown wool recovered from a bog. Flannel was used for women's gowns, jackets and petticoats during the 17th and 18th centuries as well. For example in The Pennsylvania Gazette of 1776, "Run away . . .  an indented servant girl . . .  a Scotch woman . . .  had on, and took with her, a short jacket and petticoat, of brown flannel" as cited in Wives, Slaves, and Servant Girls. Unbleached linen thread will work well for hand sewing this wool. For sewing button holes try drab silk quilter's thread which is a shade lighter or brown silk buttonhole twist.

Add Light Brown Flannel WWV 604 to Cart

Wool flannel fabric swatch for 14th century, 15th century, 16th century, 17th century, 18th century, and 19th century re-enactors, military historians, and museum interpreters.
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Scarlet Red Flannel, 100% Wool, 11.5 oz., 60" Wide, $24.50/yd.
WWL 304

Scarlet red wool flannel was died with the shell of a beetle and therefore more expensive than the duller reds obtained from the madder root. Red shirts were taken with the Voyage of Discovery in the early 19th century but these should be looked at as unusual for the 18th century. Red flannel jackets for men and petticoats for women were common in both England and New England. In The Pennsylvania Packet of 1773 "Ran away . . .  a mulatto wench . . .  had on and took with her . . .  a red flannel quilted petticoat". As cited in Wives, Slaves, and Servant Girls. Scarlet red linen thread 50/3 for hand sewing and 1/2" and 7/8" worsted wool tape matches this fabric. Matching tape is usually what is seen on petticoats and bedgowns. This flannel is a twill. For sewing button holes try scarlet silk button hole twist or quilter's thread.

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Wool flannel fabric swatch for 14th century, 15th century, 16th century, 17th century, 18th century, and 19th century re-enactors, military historians, and museum interpreters.
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White Flannel, 100% Wool, 11.5 oz., 60" Wide, $24.50/yd.
WWL 305

White wool flannel was the most common color of flannel during the 18th and early 19th centuries. White flannel was especially used to make shirts, drawers, shifts and petticoats in the 18th century. For example, in March, 1774, "an Indian girl" was advertised in Rhode Island and the ad continued, "had on when she went away a flannel shift" as advertised in The Newport Mercury taken from the book Wives, Slaves and Servant Girls. Off white 60/2 or 35/2 linen thread and 1/2" and 7/8" worsted wool tape matche this fabric well. Matching tape is often seen on the hems of petticoats and bedgowns. This flannel is a plain weave and not a snow white but more of a natural creamy white. For sewing button holes try white silk button hole twist.

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Wool flannel fabric swatch for 14th century, 15th century, 16th century, 17th century, 18th century, and 19th century re-enactors, military historians, and museum interpreters.
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Navy Blue Flannel, 100% Wool, 11.5 oz., 60" Wide, $23.50/yd.
WWB 801

A soft twill wool commonly used next to the skin, as in women's under-petticoats, aprons, and gowns. For men it was typically used for drawers, underjackets, and waistcoats. This fabric works well for a lining. Navy blue linen thread 35/2 for hand sewing and blue worsted wool tape matches this fabric well. Matching tape is sometimes seen on the hems of petticoats and bedgowns. For sewing button holes try navy blue silk button hole twist or quilter's thread.

Add Navy Blue Flannel WWB 801 to Cart

Wool flannel fabric swatch for 14th century, 15th century, 16th century, 17th century, 18th century, and 19th century re-enactors, military historians, and museum interpreters.
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Black Flannel, 95% Wool, 5% Nylon, ~11.5 oz., 62" Wide, $25/yd.
WWV 605

new Limited supply!

Black wool flannel was commonly used as a lining. Specifically in men's clothing black flannel was used to make waistcoats and jackets. Women's gowns, jackets and petticoats during the 17th and 18th centuries were also made of wool flannel. As cited in Wives, Slaves, and Servant Girls "Run Away . . .  an Irish servant girl . . .  had on, and took with her, when she went away, a black and white linsey petticoat, black quilt, a flannel ditto" was advertised in The Pennsylvania Gazette in 1773. Black 50/3 linen thread or 35/2 linen thread for hand sewing and black worsted wool tape matches this fabric. Matching tape is often seen on the hems of petticoats and binding of bedgowns. This flannel is a plain weave. For sewing button holes try black silk button hole twist or quilter's thread.

Add Black Flannel WWV 605 to Cart

Wool flannel fabric swatch for 14th century, 15th century, 16th century, 17th century, 18th century, and 19th century re-enactors, military historians, and museum interpreters.
 
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Black Flannel, 95% Wool, 5% Nylon, ~11.5 oz., 58" Wide, $25/yd.
WWV 606

new Limited supply!

Black wool flannel was commonly used as a lining. Specifically in men's clothing black flannel was used to make waistcoats and jackets. Women's gowns, jackets and petticoats during the 17th and 18th centuries were also made of wool flannel. As cited in Wives, Slaves, and Servant Girls "Run Away . . .  an Irish servant girl . . .  had on, and took with her, when she went away, a black and white linsey petticoat, black quilt, a flannel ditto" was advertised in The Pennsylvania Gazette in 1773. Black 50/3 linen thread or 35/2 linen thread for hand sewing and black worsted wool tape matches this fabric. Matching tape is often seen on the hems of petticoats and binding of bedgowns. This flannel is a plain weave. For sewing button holes try black silk button hole twist or quilter's thread.

Add Black Flannel WWV 606 to Cart

Wool flannel fabric swatch for 14th century, 15th century, 16th century, 17th century, 18th century, and 19th century re-enactors, military historians, and museum interpreters.
 
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Black Flannel, 100% Wool, 11.5 oz., 60" Wide, $25/yd.
WWT 310

As cited in Wives, Slaves, and Servant Girls "Run Away . . .  an Irish servant girl . . .  had on, and took with her . . .  a black and white linsey petticoat, black quilt[ed petticoat], a flannel ditto [petticoat]" was advertised in The Pennsylvania Gazette in 1773. Black 50/3 linen thread or 35/2 linen thread for hand sewing and 1/2", 5/8, and 7/8" worsted wool tape matches this fabric. Matching tape is usually what is seen on the hems of petticoats and binding of bedgowns. This flannel is a plain weave. For sewing button holes try black silk button hole twist or quilter's thread.

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Wool flannel fabric swatch for 14th century, 15th century, 16th century, 17th century, 18th century, and 19th century re-enactors, military historians, and museum interpreters.
 

Bay

Bay was used from the 17th century up to the early 19th century when it was being replaced by cotton fabrics. Bay was a coarse, open, plain weave wool made of worsted warp and woolen weft threads. Bay was mostly used as a lining for British and German soldiers' uniforms up to 1802 and habits of monks and nuns. Bay was also used by some specialized craftsmen to use behind looking glasses to preserve the tin and as a lining in cases for example. Much of the information on bay is gathered from Textiles in America 1650-1870.

Thanks to the hard work of James Kochan and Sean Phillips our bay is museum quality reproduction bay woven in England today to specific standards and has the same appearance, weave, milling, and finish as bay made in the late 18th century.

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Natural White Bay, 100% Wool, 5 oz/sq yd, 52" Wide, $42.00/yd.
WWK 200

This fabric is currently out of stock. It may be a while before we get more.

Natural white bay wool was used for the lining of British infantry coats which have white turnbacks. Off white 35/2 linen thread matches this fabric best when hand sewing your quality reproduction garment.

Wool bay fabric swatch for 17th century, 18th century, and 19th century re-enactors, military historians, and museum interpreters.
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Broadcloth | Worsted Fabric | Flannel | Bay | Jean Cloth/Virginia Cloth | Specialty Weaves

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