The sign of the unicorn. A fabric shop for 18th century reenactors and historians.

Worsted Wool Fabric

In the 18th century there were many types of worsted wool fabric mostly produced in Norwich, England and because of this they were often refered to as Norwich goods or Norwich stuff. Stuff is a generic term for many types of worsted wools. Worsted wools are a good wool summer cloth. One Norwich good called duory was specifically made for men's clothing and sometimes used for summer suits. Being lightweight worsteds are made of long opposed to short staple fibers, are strong wearing, but poor insulators. Much of the information on these pages is gathered from Swatches: A Guide to Choosing 21st Century Fabrics for 18th Century Clothing which has swatches you can feel and for a wider view of fabrics imported to the Americas try Textiles in America 1650-1870.

Broadcloth | Worsted Fabric | Flannel | Bay | Jean Cloth/Virginia Cloth | Specialty Weaves

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Green Worsted, 100% Wool, 62" Wide, $18/yd.
WWV 542

This is a fine light weight durable plain weave that would work well for a women's summer gown, jacket, riding habit or petticoat, or a men's jacket, waistcoat, coat or breeche. In The Pennsylvania Gazette of 1772, "Run away . . .  an Irish servant girl . . .  had on when she went away, a long old green worsted gown" as cited in Wives, Slaves, and Servant Girls. Because of a slight blue tint to this green worsted none of our threads match. Please keep in mind than many extant garments are sewn with thread that does not match. Unbleached linen thread is often seen as the general sewing thread.

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Worsted wool and silk fabric swatch for 15th century, 16th century, 17th century, 18th century, and 19th century re-enactors, military historians, and museum interpreters.
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Gown weight wool for 17th century to the present reenactors.

Bluish Mixed Stuff, 100% Wool, 61" wide, $25/yd.
WWV 597

newA beautiful blue!

This twill weave Norwich good has a hard tight finish rarely found in modern worsteds but characteristic of most 18th century worsteds. This will work well for women's riding habits, gowns, and petticoats, either men's or women's jackets, and men's waistcoats, coats and breeches. For example advertised in The Pennsylvania Gazette of 1778, "Run away . . .  a Dutch servant Girl . . .  had on . . .  a bluish mixed petticoat" as cited in Wives, Slaves, and Servant Girls. Off white 35/2 linen thread will work well for hand sewing.

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Green Worsted, 100% Wool, 60" Wide, $21/yd.
WWN 180

This plain weave Norwich good is very fine, soft and strong. It has a heathery look with tones of earthy gray mixed in with the light olive green. A very good weight for women's gowns, and petticoats, either men's or women's jackets, and men's waistcoats, coats and breeches. In New York's The Royal Gazette of 1780, "Run away . . .  a Negro Wench . . .  had on when she went away a green stuff petticoat". As cited in Wives, Slaves, and Servant Girls. Since none of our green threads really match, either gray 80/3 linen thread or unbleached 60/2 linen thread for hand sewing will blend well.

Add Green Stuff WWN 180 to Cart

Worsted wool and silk fabric swatch for 15th century, 16th century, 17th century, 18th century, and 19th century re-enactors, military historians, and museum interpreters.
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Gown weight wool for 17th century to the present reenactors.

Blue Cross Barred Stuff, 100% Wool, 61" wide, $25/yd.
WWV 572

newA beautiful blue!

This indigo blue worsted has 3 dark blue crossbars each bound by grey on a blue ground. In the 18th century this would have been a product of Norwich and was most often used for women's gowns but may be used for petticoats and jackets as well. For example in The Boston Evening-Post an ad in 1771 advertised "Ran away . . .  a Dutch servant girl . . .  Had, and took with her, two short gowns, one callico, the other striped, a cross-barred" cited in Wives, Slaves, and Servant Girls. Unbleached 60/2 linen thread would work well for hand sewing this fabric.

Add Blue Cross Barred Stuff WWV 572 to Cart

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Brown Cross Barr'd Stuff, 100% Wool, 62" Wide, $25/yd.
WWV 574

newNew!

This worsted has a brown ground with a richer brown cross bars bound on each side by light indigo blue. In the 18th century this would have been a product of Norwich and was most often used for women's gowns but may be used for petticoats and jackets as well. For example in The Connecticut Journal an ad in 1775 advertised "Josiah Burr, Has lately receiv’d an assortment of Goods proper for the season, which he will sell cheap for ready pay at this store in New-Haven, viz . . .  cross-barr’d stuffs" cited from personal communication with Mike Barbieri. Unbleached 60/2 linen thread would work well for hand sewing this fabric.

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Worsted wool and silk fabric swatch for 15th century, 16th century, 17th century, 18th century, and 19th century re-enactors, military historians, and museum interpreters.
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Gown weight wool for 17th century to the present reenactors.

Brown Cross Barred Stuff, 100% Wool, 61" wide, $25/yd.
WWV 562

newNew!

This worsted has a brown ground with indigo blue cross bars. In the 18th century this would have been a product of Norwich and was most often used for women's gowns but may be used for petticoats and jackets as well. For example in The Boston Evening-Post an ad in 1771 advertised "Ran away . . .  a Dutch servant girl . . .  Had, and took with her, two short gowns, one callico, the other striped, a cross-barred" cited in Wives, Slaves, and Servant Girls. Unbleached 60/2 linen thread would work well for hand sewing this fabric.

Add Brown Cross Barred Stuff WWV 562 to Cart

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Light Brown Cross-Barr'd Stuff, 100% Wool, 61" Wide, $25/yd.
WWV 575

newA rich golden brown!

This worsted has a beautiful golden brown ground with very narrow natural white and black cross bars. In the 18th century this would have been a product of Norwich and was most often used for women's gowns but may be used for petticoats and jackets as well. For example in The South Carolina Gazette an ad in 1778 advertised "Run away . . .  a negro wench . . .  had on when she went away a cross-bar check [petti]coat" cited in Wives, Slaves, and Servant Girls. Light brown 60/2 linen thread would work well for hand sewing this fabric.

Add Light Brown Cross-Barr'd Stuff WWV 575 to Cart

Worsted wool and silk fabric swatch for 15th century, 16th century, 17th century, 18th century, and 19th century re-enactors, military historians, and museum interpreters.
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Irish Stuff, 52% Wool/48% Silk, 59" Wide, $20/yd.
WWN 137

Irish stuff was produced both in Norwich and Spitalfields specifically for women's dresses and petticoats but could possibly be used for women's jackets. For example in The Boston Evening Post an ad in 1774 included "Run away . . .  a Maid Servant . . .  carried with her a long dark Gown of cross-barr’d Stuff" cited in Wives, Slaves, and Servant Girls. Green 80/3 linen thread is a bit darker but may blend for hand sewing.

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Worsted wool and silk fabric swatch for 15th century, 16th century, 17th century, 18th century, and 19th century re-enactors, military historians, and museum interpreters.
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Light Brown Check Camblettee, 58% Wool/42% Linen, 61" Wide, $20/yd.
WWV 264

Usually camblet or camblettee was a worsted silk blend but some were worsted linen blends like this one. This camblettee has a light natural brown ground with intersecting lines of medium brown and light brown. It is manufactured in England and is a steal at the price we're selling it for! In the 18th century this would have been a product of Norwich and was often used for women's gowns and petticoats but could possibly be used for women's jackets. For example in London's The Proceedings of the Old Bailey, of 1759 a witness observed "She had a very good brown camblet gown on" Unbleached 60/2 linen thread would work well for hand sewing this fabric.

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Worsted wool and Linen fabric swatch for 15th century, 16th century, 17th century, 18th century, and 19th century re-enactors, military historians, and museum interpreters.
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Light Gray Cross Barred Camblettee, 58% Wool/42% Linen, 61" Wide, $20/yd.
WWV 265

Usually camblet or camblettee was a worsted silk blend but some were worsted linen blends like this one. A light natural brown ground with two cross bars of indigo blue describes this cambletee. It is an excellent fabric manufactured in England and is at an incredible price. In the 18th century this would be a product of Norwich this was often used for women's gowns and petticoats but could possibly be used for women's jackets. For example in The Providence Gazette an ad in 1775 advertised "to be sold by James Green, at his little shop . . .  a small but neat assortment of English goods, such as calimancoes, plain and cross-barred camblettees" cited in personal communication with Mike Barbieri. Off white 35/2 linen thread would work well for hand sewing this fabric.

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Worsted wool and Linen fabric swatch for 15th century, 16th century, 17th century, 18th century, and 19th century re-enactors, military historians, and museum interpreters.
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Gown weight wool for 17th century to the present reenactors.

Grey Cross Barred Stuff, 100% Wool, 62" wide, $20/yd.
WWV 573

newA light worsted!

This light even grey has narrow lines of black, yellow and light grey intersecting to make the cross bars. This worsted is one of the lightest weight worsteds we stock having an airy hand. In the 18th century this would have been a product of Norwich and was most often used for women's gowns but may be used for petticoats and jackets as well. For example in The Boston Evening-Post an ad in 1771 advertised "Ran away . . .  a Dutch servant girl . . .  Had, and took with her, two short gowns, one callico, the other striped, a cross-barred" cited in Wives, Slaves, and Servant Girls. Grey 35/2 linen thread matches well for hand sewing this fabric.

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Grey and Brown Cross Barr'd Stuff, 100% Wool, 60" Wide, $19.99/yd.
WWV 578

newNew!

This worsted has a light grey ground with 8 light brown and one very light grey cross bars in a symmetrical pattern. In the 18th century this would have been a product of Norwich and was most often used for women's gowns but may be used for petticoats and jackets as well. For example in The South Carolina Gazette an ad in 1778 advertised "Run away . . .  a negro wench . . .  had on when she went away a cross-bar check [petti]coat" as cited in Wives, Slaves, and Servant Girls. Unbleached 60/2 linen thread would work well for hand sewing this fabric.

Add Grey and Brown Cross Barr'd Stuff WWV 578 to Cart

Worsted wool and Linen fabric swatch for 15th century, 16th century, 17th century, 18th century, and 19th century re-enactors, military historians, and museum interpreters.
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Gown weight wool for 17th century to the present reenactors.

Brown Worsted, 100% Wool, 62" wide, $25/yd.
WWV 577

newA very common worsted!

This twill weave Norwich good has a hard tight finish rarely found in modern worsteds but characteristic of most 18th century worsteds. A very good weight for women's gowns, and petticoats, either men's or women's jackets, and men's waistcoats, coats and breeches. For example advertised in The Pennsylvania Gazette of 1776, "Run away . . .  June, 1776, an Irish servant woman . . .  had on, when she went away, a dark brown worsted petticoat" as cited in Wives, Slaves, and Servant Girls. Brown 35/2 linen thread for hand sewing is just a shade lighter. For hand sewing buttonholes dark brown silk button hole twist or quilter's thread is a good match.

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Gown weight wool for 17th century to the present reenactors.

Brown Mixed Stuff, 100% Wool, 62" wide, $25/yd.
WWV 598

newA very common worsted!

This twill weave Norwich good has a hard tight finish rarely found in modern worsteds but characteristic of most 18th century worsteds. This will work well for women's riding habits, gowns, and petticoats, either men's or women's jackets, and men's waistcoats, coats and breeches. For example advertised in The Boston Gazette of 1783, "Ran away . . .  a Negro Boy . . .  Had on when he went off, a brown mix’d Homemade Cloth Jacket and Trowsers of the same." This is cited from personal communication with Mike Barbieri. Off white 35/2 linen thread will work well for hand sewing.

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Light Brown Worsted, 100% Wool, 61" Wide, $20.99/yd.
WWN 190

Worsted that is durable, fine and soft makes a wonderful summer gown with a splendid wrinkle free drape. A very good weight for women's gowns, jackets, and petticoats, and men's jackets, waistcoats, coats and breeches. In the early 19th century this worsted could be used for a gowns, spencers and pelisse. In The Pennsylvania Packet of 1773, "Ran away . . .  a mulatto wench . . .  had on and took with her, and India callico gown, and one ditto of brown worsted". As cited in Wives, Slaves, and Servant Girls. Light brown 35/2 linen thread is a pretty good match as is cinnamon brown silk buttonhole twist.

Add Light Brown Worsted WWN 190 to Cart

Worsted wool fabric swatch for 15th century, 16th century, 17th century, 18th century, and 19th century re-enactors, military historians, and museum interpreters.
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Pure silk taffeta for 17th century to the present reenactors, nautical historians and museum interpreters.

Indigo Blue Worsted, 100% Wool, 61" wide, $25/yd.
WWV 541

newBack by popular demand!

This twill weave Norwich good has a hard tight finish rarely found in modern worsteds but characteristic of most 18th century worsteds. This will work well for women's riding habits, gowns, and petticoats, either men's or women's jackets, and men's waistcoats, coats and breeches. For example advertised in The New York Journal of 1774, "absented from her master, a Scotch indented servant girl . . .  had on . . .  two red petticoats, one of which is fine serge" as cited in Wives, Slaves, and Servant Girls. Scarlet 35/2 linen thread will work well for hand sewing.

Add Indigo Blue Worsted WWV 541 to Cart

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Indigo Blue Worsted, 100% Wool, 60" Wide, $25/yd.
WWV 576

newA gorgeous blue!

This twill weave Norwich good has a hard tight finish rarely found in modern worsteds but characteristic of most 18th century worsteds. A very good weight for women's gowns, and petticoats, either men's or women's jackets, and men's waistcoats, coats and breeches. For example advertised in The Virginia Gazette of 1752, "RAN away . . .  a Convict Servant . . .  had been in the Army for several Years, with the Camp in Flanders, and at the Battle of Culloden, where she lost her Husband; she had on when she went away . . .  an old dirty blue Stuff Gown, with check Linen Cuffs". Try royal blue 50/3 linen thread for hand sewing. For hand sewing buttonholes navy blue silk button hole twist or quilter's thread is a bit darker.

Add Indigo Blue Worsted WWV 576 to Cart

Worsted wool fabric swatch for 15th century, 16th century, 17th century, 18th century, and 19th century re-enactors, military historians, and museum interpreters.
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Pure silk taffeta for 17th century to the present reenactors, nautical historians and museum interpreters.

Red Worsted, 100% Wool, 62" wide, $25/yd.
WWV 259

newRed!

This twill weave Norwich good has a hard tight finish rarely found in modern worsteds but characteristic of most 18th century worsteds. This will work well for women's riding habits, gowns, and petticoats, either men's or women's jackets, and men's waistcoats, coats and breeches. For example advertised in The New York Journal of 1774, "absented from her master, a Scotch indented servant girl . . .  had on . . .  two red petticoats, one of which is fine serge" as cited in Wives, Slaves, and Servant Girls. Scarlet 35/2 linen thread will work well for hand sewing.

Add Red Worsted WWV 259 to Cart

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Pure silk taffeta for 17th century to the present reenactors, nautical historians and museum interpreters.

Deep Pink Stuff, 100% Wool, 61" wide, $25/yd.
WWV 560

newA gorgeous color!

This is a very soft, fine and durable plain weave summer wool. Worsteds off all sorts were called Norwich goods and were sometimes used for men's breeches, waistcoats, jackets and coats, and frequently for women's gowns, petticoats, and jackets. For example The Proceedings of the Old Bailey includes a trial record in 1760 in which a boy and a woman "were indicted, the first for stealing two stuff gowns, value 4 s. and one stuff quilted petticoat, value 4 s . . .  I took a great deal of notice of the gown, it was a brown stuff gown, and the petticoat was a kind of a pink colour." Dark pink 80/3 linen thread is a bit darker and more of a pink but may blend for hand sewing.

Add Deep Pink Stuff WWV 560 to Cart

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Pink Stuff, 100% Wool, 61" Wide, $25/yd.
WWV 561

newA soft color!

This is a fine light weight twill that is very durable. Stuff is a very summer weight wool good for women's gowns, jackets, and petticoats, and men's jackets, waistcoats, coats and breeches. In The Pennsylvania Gazette of 1775, "Run away . . .  an Irish servant girl . . .  had on, when she went off, a light blue stuff gown." As cited in Wives, Slaves, and Servant Girls. Light blue linen thread is a close match to this fabric for hand sewing.

Add Pink Stuff WWV 561 to Cart

Worsted wool fabric swatch for 15th century, 16th century, 17th century, 18th century, and 19th century re-enactors, military historians, and museum interpreters.
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Pure silk taffeta for 17th century to the present reenactors, nautical historians and museum interpreters.

Reddish Stuff, 100% Wool, 61" wide, $25/yd.
WWV 570

newA gorgeous color!

This plain weave Norwich good is a beautiful shade of red often seen as petticoats in the 18th century. This will work well for women's riding habits, gowns, and petticoats, either men's or women's jackets, and men's waistcoats, coats and breeches. For example advertised in The Pennsylvania Mercury and Universal Advertiser of 1775, "Ran away . . .  an English woman . . .  had on, a . . .  old patched reddish colour’d gown" as cited in Wives, Slaves, and Servant Girls. Madder 80/3 linen thread is a fair match for hand sewing.

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Pompadour Stuff, 100% Wool, 61" Wide, $25/yd.
WWV 571

newPompadour says it all!

This plain weave Norwich good is a shade of red often referred to as pompadour in the 18th century. This will work well for women's riding habits, gowns, and petticoats, either men's or women's jackets, and men's waistcoats, coats and breeches. For example advertised in The Newport Mercury of 1772, "Ran away . . .  an Irish indented maid servant . . .  had on a red pompadore gown" as cited in Wives, Slaves, and Servant Girls. Claret 35/2 linen thread is a bit lighter but the same shade of pompadour.

Add Pompadour Stuff WWB 571 to Cart

Worsted wool fabric swatch for 15th century, 16th century, 17th century, 18th century, and 19th century re-enactors, military historians, and museum interpreters.
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Wool Flannel

Flannel was in common use by the second half of the 17th century and was made of a plain or (arguably) twill weave wool. Flannel continued to be made purely of wool into the 19th century when, like so many other fabrics, cotton flannel began to replace it. Wool flannel was used as an insulating layer usually worn close to the skin for garments like women's shifts (probably of white flannel), gowns and under petticoats and for men's shirts, drawers, under jackets, and waistcoats and for lining outer garments. Sometimes flannels were used to make outer garments like gowns and breeches. In London in 1761, Richard Rolt, published his book A New Dictionary of Trade and Commerce. In this book Rolt stated "some use it [wool flannel] for waistcoats, drawers, shirts, and shifts, and women most commonly for under petticoats."

Flannel is related to baize and plains. Baize and plains are cheaper than flannel and usually not as soft. These flannels may therefore be used in place of baize or plains. Much of the information on these pages is gathered from Swatches: A Guide to Choosing 21st Century Fabrics for 18th Century Clothing which has swatches you can feel and for a wider view of fabrics imported to the Americas try Textiles in America 1650-1870.

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Brown Check Flannel, 100% Wool, 60" Wide, $23.99/yd.
WWV 563

new Limited supply!

Check flannels were used for men's shirts and as a lining material throughout the 18th century but is very difficult to find today. In the 1773 Providene Gazette, "RUN away . . .  an Apprentice Boy . . .  had on . . .  a check Flannel Shirt" cited in Taylor and Sweet, Runaways, Deserters, and Notorious Villains From Rhode Island Newspapers Volume 2, 2001. Black 35/2 linen thread or unbleached 35/2 linen thread will both work well for hand sewing this fabric.

Add Brown Check Flannel WWV 563 to Cart

Wool stripe flannel fabric swatch for 14th century, 15th century, 16th century, 17th century, 18th century, and 19th century re-enactors, military historians, and museum interpreters.
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Pure silk taffeta for 17th century to the present reenactors, nautical historians and museum interpreters.

Black Stripe Flannel, 100% Wool, 59" wide, $23.99/yd.
WWV 596

newWorm and soft!

This black has sets of 5 white pin stripes (5/8") separated by 1/8" of black. Stripe flannels were very commonly used as a lining material but also for men's waistcoats, jackets, and shirts and women's petticoats. It was also used for women's gowns and jackets. In the 1773 Providence Gazette, "RUN away . . .  an Apprentice Lad . . .  Had on and took with him, when he went away, a dark brown double-breasted Jacket, with Pewter Buttons, and a dark striped Flannel Lining . . .  and a dark striped Flannel Jacket." as cited in personal communication with Mike Barbieri. Black linen thread will work well for hand sewing this fabric. For hand sewing buttonholes black silk button hole twist or quilter's thread will work well.

Add Black Stripe Flannel WWV 596 to Cart

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Grey Check Flannel, 100% Wool, 59" Wide, $23.99/yd.
WWV 565

new Limited supply!

Check flannels were used for men's shirts and as a lining material throughout the 18th century but is very difficult to find today. In the 1774 Connecticut Courant, "Run away . . .  a servant boy . . .  has on when he went away . . .  a check flannel shirt" as cited in personal communication with Mike Barbieri. Grey 35/2 linen thread is a bit lighter and black 35/2 linen thread is too dark so either could work for hand sewing this fabric.

Add Grey Check Flannel WWV 565 to Cart

Wool stripe flannel fabric swatch for 14th century, 15th century, 16th century, 17th century, 18th century, and 19th century re-enactors, military historians, and museum interpreters.
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Brown and Black Striped Flannel, 100% Wool, 60" Wide, $23.99/yd.
WWN 186

new Soft and warm!

Striped flannels were very commonly used as a lining material but also for men's waistcoats, jackets, and shirts and women's petticoats. It was also used for women's gowns and jackets. In the 1764 Boston News-Letter, "Ran-away . . .  an Apprentice Boy . . .  he had on . . .  a striped Flannel Waistcoat" as cited in personal communication with Mike Barbieri. Black linen thread will work well for hand sewing this fabric. For hand sewing buttonholes try black or white silk button hole twist or quilter's thread.

Add Brown and Black Striped Flannel WWN 186 to Cart

Wool stripe flannel fabric swatch for 14th century, 15th century, 16th century, 17th century, 18th century, and 19th century re-enactors, military historians, and museum interpreters.
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Grey Striped Flannel, 100% Wool, 58" Wide, $23.99/yd.
WWV 569

new Limited quantity!

This dark brown wool has a quarter inch (6 mm) olive green stripe bound by light brown stripe on each side. Striped flannels were very commonly used as a lining material but also for men's waistcoats, jackets, and shirts and women's petticoats. It was also used for women's gowns and jackets. In the 1776 Pennsylvania Gazette, "Ran away . . .  a Dutch servant Woman . . .  had on, when she went away, a striped flannel jacket, patched with striped flannel of a darker colour, a petticoat of the same, striped with sheep’s black and yellow" as cited in Wives, Slaves, and Servant Girls. Black linen thread will work well for hand sewing this fabric. For hand sewing buttonholes try black silk button hole twist or quilter's thread.

Add Grey Striped Flannel WWV 569 to Cart

Wool stripe flannel fabric swatch for 14th century, 15th century, 16th century, 17th century, 18th century, and 19th century re-enactors, military historians, and museum interpreters.
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Black and Grey Check Flannel, 100% Wool, 58" Wide, $23.99/yd.
WWV 564

new Think warm!

Check flannels were used for men's shirts and as a lining material throughout the 18th century but is very difficult to find today. In the 1773 Providene Gazette, "RUN away . . .  an Apprentice Boy . . .  had on . . .  a check Flannel Shirt" cited in Taylor and Sweet, Runaways, Deserters, and Notorious Villains From Rhode Island Newspapers Volume 2, 2001. Black 35/2 linen thread or unbleached 35/2 linen thread will both work well for hand sewing this fabric.

Add Brown and Black Striped Flannel WWV 564 to Cart

Wool stripe flannel fabric swatch for 14th century, 15th century, 16th century, 17th century, 18th century, and 19th century re-enactors, military historians, and museum interpreters.
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Grey Flannel, 100% Wool, 57" Wide, $23.99/yd.
WWV 566

new Toasty warm!

This flannel is a wonderful mixed grey plain weave wool flannel and may be used as a lining and for women's gowns, jackets and petticoats and men's jackets during the 17th and 18th centuries. For example in The Pennsylvania Evening Post of 1777, "Was stolen . . .  an apprentice girl . . .  She had on, when she was taken . . .  an old flannel petticoat very much worn" as cited in Wives, Slaves, and Servant Girls. Gray linen thread will work well for hand sewing this wool. For sewing button holes try gray silk button hole twist or quilter's thread.

Add Grey Flannel WWV 566 to Cart

Wool flannel fabric swatch for 14th century, 15th century, 16th century, 17th century, 18th century, and 19th century re-enactors, military historians, and museum interpreters.
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Pure silk taffeta for 17th century to the present reenactors, nautical historians and museum interpreters.

Grey Twill Flannel, 100% Wool, 60" wide, $23.99/yd.
WWV 591

newNew!

This flannel is a wonderful mixed grey twill wool flannel and may be used as a lining and for women's gowns, jackets and petticoats and men's jackets and drawers during the 17th and 18th centuries. For example in The Newport Mercury of 1770, "Ran away . . .  an indented Negro Girl . . .  had on, when she went away, a Flannel Petticoat, and a short Gown" as cited in Wives, Slaves, and Servant Girls. Gray linen thread will work well for hand sewing this wool. For sewing button holes try gray silk button hole twist or quilter's thread.

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Dark Grey Flannel, 100% Wool, 57" Wide, $23.99/yd.
WWV 567

new Snuggle in this flannel!

This flannel is what modern people would call charcoal grey. It's a wonderful dark mixed grey wool flannel and may be used as a lining and for women's gowns, jackets and petticoats and men's jackets during the 17th and 18th centuries. For example in The Boston Gazette of 1764, "Run-away from the Brig Freemason . . .  a Sailor: Had on . . .  a blue Jacket lin’d with white Flannel, a coarse Flannel Under Jacket ty’d before" as cited in personal communication with Mike Barbieri. Black linen thread will work well for hand sewing this wool. For sewing button holes try gray silk button hole twist or quilter's thread.

Add Dark Grey Flannel WWV 567 to Cart

Wool flannel fabric swatch for 14th century, 15th century, 16th century, 17th century, 18th century, and 19th century re-enactors, military historians, and museum interpreters.
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Scarlet Red Flannel, 100% Wool, 11.5 oz., 60" Wide, $20.00/yd.
WWL 304

Scarlet red wool flannel was died with the shell of a beetle and therefore more expensive than the duller reds obtained from the madder root. Red shirts were taken with the Voyage of Discovery in the early 19th century but these should be looked at as unusual for the 18th century. Red flannel jackets for men and petticoats for women were common in both England and New England. In The Pennsylvania Packet of 1773 "Ran away . . .  a mulatto wench . . .  had on and took with her . . .  a red flannel quilted petticoat". As cited in Wives, Slaves, and Servant Girls. Scarlet red linen thread 50/3 for hand sewing and 1/2" and 7/8" worsted wool tape matches this fabric. Matching tape is usually what is seen on petticoats and bedgowns. This flannel is a twill. For sewing button holes try scarlet silk button hole twist or quilter's thread.

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Wool flannel fabric swatch for 14th century, 15th century, 16th century, 17th century, 18th century, and 19th century re-enactors, military historians, and museum interpreters.
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White Flannel, 100% Wool, 11.5 oz., 60" Wide, $20/yd.
WWL 305

White wool flannel was the most common color of flannel during the 18th and early 19th centuries. White flannel was especially used to make shirts, shifts and petticoats in the 18th century. For example, in February, 1774, "an Indian girl" was advertised in Rhode Island and the ad continued, "had on when she went away a flannel shift" as advertised in Rhode Island. Off white 60/2 or 35/2 linen thread and 1/2" and 7/8" worsted wool tape matche this fabric well. Matching tape is often seen on the hems of petticoats and bedgowns. This flannel is a plain weave and not a snow white but more of a natural creamy white. For sewing button holes try white silk button hole twist.

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Wool flannel fabric swatch for 14th century, 15th century, 16th century, 17th century, 18th century, and 19th century re-enactors, military historians, and museum interpreters.
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Navy Blue Flannel, 100% Wool, 11.5 oz., 60" Wide, $20/yd.
WWB 801

A soft twill wool commonly used next to the skin, as in women's under-petticoats, aprons, and gowns. For men it was typically used for drawers, underjackets, and waistcoats. This fabric works well for a lining. Navy blue linen thread 35/2 for hand sewing and blue worsted wool tape matches this fabric well. Matching tape is sometimes seen on the hems of petticoats and bedgowns. For sewing button holes try navy blue silk button hole twist or quilter's thread.

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Wool flannel fabric swatch for 14th century, 15th century, 16th century, 17th century, 18th century, and 19th century re-enactors, military historians, and museum interpreters.
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Black Flannel, 100% Wool, 11.5 oz., 60" Wide, $19/yd.
WWT 310 Not pictured

As cited in Wives, Slaves, and Servant Girls "Run Away . . .  an Irish servant girl . . .  had on, and took with her . . .  a black and white linsey petticoat, black quilt[ed petticoat], a flannel ditto [petticoat]" was advertised in The Pennsylvania Gazette in 1773. Black 50/3 linen thread or 35/2 linen thread for hand sewing and 1/2", 5/8, and 7/8" worsted wool tape matches this fabric. Matching tape is usually what is seen on the hems of petticoats and binding of bedgowns. This flannel is a plain weave. For sewing button holes try black silk button hole twist or quilter's thread.

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Bay

Bay was used from the 17th century up to the early 19th century when it was being replaced by cotton fabrics. Bay was a coarse, open, plain weave wool made of worsted warp and woolen weft threads. Bay was mostly used as a lining for British and German soldiers' uniforms up to 1802 and habits of monks and nuns. Bay was also used by some specialized craftsmen to use behind looking glasses to preserve the tin and as a lining in cases for example. Much of the information on bay is gathered from Textiles in America 1650-1870.

Thanks to the hard work of James Kochan and Sean Phillips our bay is museum quality reproduction bay woven in England today to specific standards and has the same appearance, weave, milling, and finish as bay made in the late 18th century.

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Natural White Bay, 100% Wool, 5 oz/sq yd, 52" Wide, $42.00/yd.
WWK 200

This fabric is currently out of stock. It may be a while before we get more.

Natural white bay wool was used for the lining of British infantry coats which have white turnbacks. Off white 35/2 linen thread matches this fabric best when hand sewing your quality reproduction garment.

Wool bay fabric swatch for 17th century, 18th century, and 19th century re-enactors, military historians, and museum interpreters.
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Broadcloth | Worsted Fabric | Flannel | Bay | Jean Cloth/Virginia Cloth | Specialty Weaves

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